Are you a fish lover who enjoys keeping koi as pets, or maybe an avid gardener who desires a pond to expand your outdoor plant and flower options? No matter what type of pond owner you are, it's important to understand the important role of plants in your pond and how they enhance the overall natural ecosystem.
First and foremost, plants help to balance the pond ecosystem by providing valuable biological filtration that removes nitrogen, ammonia, nitrates, and other minerals from the water that algae would otherwise feed and flourish on. This minimises pond maintenance, leaving more time to enjoy your beautiful water garden. Without hardworking aquatic plants, your pond would not be able to function as its own little ecosystem.
The plants in your pond provide food, shade, and protection for the fish and wildlife that live in and around the pond. They also provide areas for fish to spawn and a safe place for frogs to lay their eggs. But it’s not just the aquatic plants that help your wildlife, any plants placed around the edges of your pond will attract birds looking for food and shelter, while blooming plants and flowers attract beneficial insects, butterflies, and others to your backyard paradise.
Waterlilies, the most popular of all aquatic plants, spread a multitude of leaves across the surface that shades the water. These natural umbrellas come in beautiful hues, providing shade which keeps the water a cool, comfortable temperature for your fish, as well as aids in preventing algae growth.
In addition to their functionality, plants also provide visual beauty to the pond lover. There's something special and delightful when seeing a frog pop its head up between the lily pads, or watching a dragonfly zip around the pond and come to rest on a water lily bloom. Essentially, what we’re saying is that when you eliminate plants from a pond, what you have is the equivalent of a lawn without a landscape.
The good news is that most aquatic plants are easy to grow provided they're planted at the right depth and are receiving the proper amount of sunlight for that particular plant. Each type of aquatic plant has its own set of requirements for optimum growth, and having a good assortment of plants whose roots reach different depths and are consuming different nutrients at each level of the pond, will provide your pond with broad-spectrum filtration for an overall cleaner and clearer pond.
It's always best to select a variety of plants for your pond. Mix it up and have fun with the colourful array of flowers, textures, and plant heights. Variety is what makes a water garden interesting. You can even plant different varieties of waterlilies to create an exciting colour palette in your pond.
We hope that learning a little more about the role of plants in your pond has helped you better understand the delicate ecosystem you have in your very own yard.